Though this may be of interest to others and also welcome any comments.. http://www.patient.co.uk/health/tick-borne-encephalitis-immunisation Was looking to go to Austria to do lots of hill walking with wife and our dog. stumbled on the fact that Austria is considered an endemic area for Tick Borne Encephalitis and they recommend vaccination at £60 a person per shot ( theres 3 shots ) or at least 2 to be minimal effective. so thats a minimum of £120 each..... or go without. no such protection for the Dog he has to lump it ( apart from normal tick treatments ) but still can be bitten by infected ticks and the disease transfered to the dog before the tick dies and falls off. it says that it can have serious effects on the brain of both humans and dogs and that the Austrian population is vaccinated against TBE. Our biggest worry is if the dog picks up ticks while in the mountains ( anything below 1500M) and they fall off in the van and get into bedding or any carpets / cushions and they are then waiting for their next unsuspecting meal. we are now reconsidering our trip :Sad: and thinking of replacing Austria with French Alps which may well have ticks but not considered an endemic TBE area.